ArresterWorks Virtual Arrester Museum

Oxide Film Arrester
1920 Vintage
Still in Operation in 1969

Thumb of Glass Housed Arrester
Photo is part of The "Bill Kuhar Jr Collection"
Photo taken by William Kuhar Sr.
1969 at the Hauto Steam
Electric Station, Carbon County, Pennsylvania

Thumb Oxide Film Arrester PDF
Overview of Oxide Film Arresters and Hauto Power Plant

Thumb Oxide Film Arrester Ad
1924 Ad for Oxide Film Arrester

Thumb Oxide Film Arrester AIEE Article
1920 AIEE Transaction Article on Oxide Film Arrester Testing

Anyone with more information about an
arrester like this is asked to contact
Jonathan Woodworth
at ArresterWorks


Line Material Glass Housed Arrester
In production from 1936 to 1958

Thumb of Glass Housed Arrester
Thumb Glass Housed PDF
This glass housed silicon carbide arrester pictured above was introduced in the late 1930s by the Line Material Company and produced from then until 1958. The factory where it was last produced was and still is located in Olean NY and is now part of Cooper Industries. This arrester had a significant influence on the factory location because the two most significant raw material suppliers were also in Western New York which in the 1950s was a more important consideration than it is today. The glass housing was produced by the Corning Glass Company then and still located in Corning NY, 80 miles to the east, and the silicon carbide material (black granular material in the bottom half of this unit ) was produced by the Carborumdum Company in Niagara Falls NY, 80 miles to the north. This arrester model design was modified in minor ways over its production life of 20 years, but the glass housing was a main theme the entire time.

To this authors knowledge, the Line Material Company was the only arrester manufacturer to use a glass housing. The arrester was designed in Milwaukee Wisconsin by Ralph Earl and Alwin G Steinmayer both of which were granted patent 2,165,964 for the design in 1936. In this photo it stands more than a half a century later still guarding the transformer that is most likely in the same age category. The glass housed arresters produced in the 40s and 50s can still be found around the world. It is estimated that more than a million units were put in service during the production years.

The rationale for using a glass housing was simply to make the internal parts visible so if the arrester was failed or damaged, it could be easily observed without testing. On the top half if this unit, the shiny brass electrodes that make up the gap assembly clearly indicate that this arrester is in pristine condition. Clearly (no pun intended) this unit is still in good working condition. The transformer was likely challenged by lightning numerous times during its life and it looks like its Sentry did its job since it is still powered and loaded.

Anyone with more information about an arrester like this is asked to contact Jonathan Woodworth
at ArresterWorks

Hubbard AutoGap Arrester
Circa 1952

Thumb Inservice Hubbard Arrester
Thumb Inservice Hubbard Arrester
This Hubbard AutoGap Arrester has been protecting its transformer for
for perhaps 60 years. Hubbard an arrester manufacturer introduced this
arrester in 1952 and proclaimed better protection because it had
two vents for expulsion of the arc by-products. A 1952 Magazine Ad outlines the benefits of this new design. Hubbard was yet another Chicago company in the power system equipment business that has dissappeared.
This arrester was still in service as of May 2012 in the Upper Penesula
of the State of Michigan USA

Below is an arrester also from Hubbard, but of a slightly different design. This arrester is part of the Cooper Power Systems
Old Arrester Collection in Olean NY.
Hubbard arrester in Cooper Collection

1952 Electrical Engineering Magazine ad about Hubbard Autogap Arrester
Thumb Inservice Hubbard Arrester

Anyone with more information about an arrester like this is asked to contact Jonathan Woodworth
at ArresterWorks

Horned Gap Arrester
Circa 1930

Thumb of Horned Gap Arrester
This Horned Gap Arrester represents the technology from
the early years of surge protection of power systems.
The exact year and manufacturer of this arrester is unknown
however it is similar to the design below that comes out of
a 1930 patent 1,755,324 by Ernest Jacobs of the Electric
Engineering Equipment Company of Chicago Ill.
This actual arrester is part of the Cooper Power Systems
Old Arrester Collection in Olean NY.
Thumb of  Patent Horned Gap Arrester

Anyone with more information about an arrester like this is asked to contact Jonathan Woodworth
at ArresterWorks

Pellet Type Arresters

650V Pellet Type Arrester
A GE Product Circa 1930

Pellet Type Oxide Film Arrester Competing head to head with the first expulsion arrester was the new Pellet Type Oxide Film Arrester. This new design was a product of arrester titan, GE. From the patents and other literature, it is clear that GE had numerous engineers designing arresters in this era. This new pellet type arrester had the excellent voltage current characteristics of the Aluminum Cell arrester, but without a liquid dielectric. Patent 1,159,205 was granted to CF Frank for this design in 1915. In 1921 NA Lougee, also of GE applied for an improved version of this arrester using peroxide lead pellets that was granted in 1929 (1,723,872). This design had an additional advantage of lower cost and was better suited for line protection. However, there were still lingering issues with this type of arrester. It appeared to have a limited lifetime due to damage to the oxide film during each surge. This damage was not repairable as in the liquid oxide film arrester. Clearly more work was needed in the industry. In the late 1930's the Silicon Carbide Type Arrester Technology obsoleted the lead oxide technology, but the use of pellets continued on.

Fig: 1 1915 CF Frank Patent

Fig 2 1929 Norman Lougee Patent that resembles
the exhibited Pellet Type Arrester

The pellet arrester collection is from the ArresterWorks Arrester Collection

About This Museum

This virtual museum is a combination of photos of actual arresters in the ArresterWorks Arrester Museum and photos of other collections. The purpose of this Museum is to provide those interested in Arrester History an eye appealing overview of arrester history.

Contributions from others are welcome. If you have an arrester you would like to donate to the ArresterWorks museum we will cover shipping cost and we will photograph if for an exhibit. If you only have photos of unique old arresters you would like to share, that is appreciated also.

Email: Jonathan Woodworth